Policy support



Expertise and Experience:

Project Title: Integrated Approach to Climate-Friendly of Climate-Friendly Economics in Central Asia

Clients/Partners: German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (client), DIWecon (partner).
Country: Tajikistan
Target outcome: Climate change mitigation and climate change adaptation.
Project objectives: (1) Design of an investment ready Forestry NAMA with high-level political ownership and a participatory process involving key stakeholders, alignment with existing national strategies and policies, as well as tangible contributions to sustainable development (see Appendix D) The German government has committed to financing implementation; (2 forest renewal, conservation and sustainable management, contributing to climate change mitigation, (3) maintain biodiversity, (4) improve the livelihoods of local people and leverage public and private finance.
Target sectors and/or technologies: Forestry
Outcomes: Scalable Carbon Sequestration through Afforestation and Reforestation in Tajikistan. Sequester 2.01 million tonnes CO2 by 2030 (154,700 tonnes CO2 per year). Targets could be significantly scaled up across the country. Economic Cobeneftis: creation of new jobs and incomes for local inhabitants.
Environmental Cobenefits: New plantations will support biodiversity conservation, climate change adaptation and ecosystem services, ex: protect communities from floods and landslides.
Role and responsibilities in the project: Research and technical advice, designer of NAMA.

Coastal Communities Climate Resiliency Framework in the Dominican Republic

Clients/Partners: Dominican Republic's National Council for Climate Change and the Clean Development Mechanism, Ministry of Environment, Frohring Foundation, Carghill Foundation, Punta Cana Foundation, the University of Miami, University of Oregon, AgroFrontera, CEBSE, and CIBIMA.
Country: Dominican Republic
Target outcome: Climate change mitigation and adaptation, improved livelihoods.
Project objective: Improved provision of sustainable climate-resilient services by coastal communities - leading to a more resilient coastal ecosystem in the Dominican Republic where the people, households, communities, countries, and systems are able to mitigate, adapt to, and recover from shocks and stresses in a manner that reduces chronic vulnerability and facilitates inclusive growth.
Target sectors and/or technologies: Forrest (mangroves), fish and agriculture, tourism
Outcomes:(1) strengthened national level resiliency operating environment; (2) enhanced capacity of local institutions to formulate, advocate for, & implement improved coastal climate resiliency strategies & programs; and (3) increased youth opportunities for coastal conservation education and engagement.
Role and responsibilities in the project: Strategy and design; partnership formation; stakeholder buy-in, technical advice to national government, including development of Blue Carbon NAMA Concept, which resulted in the first Blue Carbon NAMA in the world in the NAMA registry; facilitate participation from local and international partnership and funders, mentoring and training staff and partners.

Project Title: Capacity Building in Development of Policy Framework for Promotion of Low Carbon Emission Societies in Central Asia

Clients/Partners:UNEP (client), The Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (partner) Countries: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan
Target outcome: Climate change mitigation
Project objective: Review of the current policies and regulatory framework related to energy efficiency standards and labeling in Central Asian countries. Identification of two priority households for which the implementation of the standards may have a greater impact in terms of energy saving.
Target sectors and/or technologies: Residential (household appliances)
Outcomes: Establishment of common legal framework of Central Asia to encourage actions to realize the potential of energy efficiency in the electrical appliances segment and implementation of labeling and standardization.
Role and responsibilities in the project: Research and analysis, technical and policy advice, report drafting.

Project Title: Clean Carbon

Clients/Partners: UNEP (client), The Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (partner)
Country: Kazakhstan
Target outcome: Climate change mitigation
Project objective: Assistance in development of roadmap for stricter fuel quality and vehicle emission standards and fuel economy policy.
Target sectors and/or technologies: Transport
Outcomes: Assistance to Central Asian countries in development of fuel quality and fuel economy policies.
Role and responsibilities in the project: Research

Carbon stocks of intact mangroves and carbon emissions arising from their conversion in the Dominican Republic

Clients/Partners: Counterpart International, AgroFronterra, Dominican Republic's National Council for Climate Change and the Clean Development Mechanism
Country: Dominican Republic
Target outcome: Climate change mitigation and adaptation, improved livelihoods.
Project objective: Publish study on carbon stocks of intact mangroves and carbon emissions. Target sectors and/or technologies: Forrest (mangroves), fish and agriculture, tourism
Outcomes: quantify the ecosystem carbon stocks of three common mangrove types of the Caribbean as well as those of abandoned shrimp ponds in areas formerly occupied by mangrove—a common land-use conversion of mangroves throughout the world. In the mangroves of the Montecristi Province in Northwest Dominican Republic we found C stocks ranged from 706 to 1131 Mg/ha. The medium-statured mangroves (3–10 m in height) had the highest C stocks while the tall (.10 m) mangroves had the lowest ecosystem carbon storage. Carbon stocks of the low mangrove (shrub) type (,3 m) were relatively high due to the presence of carbon-rich soils as deep as 2 m. Carbon stocks of abandoned shrimp ponds were 95 Mg/ha or ;11% that of the mangroves. Using a stock-change approach, the potential emissions from the conversion of mangroves to shrimp ponds ranged from 2244 to 3799 Mg CO2e/ha (CO2 equivalents). This is among the largest measured C emissions from land use in the tropics. The 6260 ha of mangroves and converted mangroves in the Montecristi Province are estimated to contain 3 841 490 Mg of C. Mangroves represented 76% of this area but currently store 97% of the carbon in this coastal wetland (3 696 722 Mg C). Converted lands store only 4% of the total ecosystem C (144 778 Mg C) while they comprised 24% of the area. By these metrics the replacement of mangroves with shrimp and salt ponds has resulted in estimated emissions from this region totaling 3.8 million Mg CO2e or ;21% of the total C prior to conversion. Given the high C stocks of mangroves, the high emissions from their conversion, and the other important functions and services they provide, their inclusion in climate-change mitigation strategies is warranted.
Role and responsibilities in the project: Research, writing, publication and presentation of study.

Reference reports, publications, web links

  1. Tajikistan Forestry NAMA, 2015
  2. Blue Carbon NAMA: Conserve and Restore Mangroves in the Dominican Republic, 2015
  3. Regional seminar on assessment of the energy efficiency of household appliances in Central Asia and policies and tendencies in standards and energy labeling, 2015
  4. Vehicle emissions, fuel quality standards and fuel economy policies in Kazakhstan, 2013